Cruise & Dive in Nusa Lembongan, Nusa Penida & the Komodo National Park
Indonesia has more than 17,000 islands and Nusa Lembongan, Nusa Penida and Komodo National Park is in the middle of the archipelago. Originally famed for the world’s largest, poisonous, ambushed, ten foot long and 150 pound lizards, Komodo became a national park in 1980 to protect the dragon Komodo. Further recognition of the importance of this area for UNESCO and the World Heritage Site in 1992. Today, the park is home to about 3,000 individual Komodo dragons, which are listed as endangered species on the IUCN Red List.
The Komodo National Park, which includes Komodo, Rinca, Padar and 26 smaller islands, is an excellent example of how to protect its animals. Located within the Coral Triangle, which stretches from the Philippines, Solomon Islands and Java, the park is considered the most biodiverse marine area on earth. There are over 1000 fish species, almost 300 species of corals, 70 sponges, 14 whale species and six turtle species and even dugongs in this sanctuary. The park also includes a variety of marine ecosystems, including hem and patch coral reefs, mangrove forests, seagrass meadows and seamounts.
Komodo is also an important marine habitat as it is the only equatorial region in the world where two oceans, the Pacific and the Indian, meet and share marine life. The convergence of nutrient flows upwards, which provide food for the bottom of the food chain, which goes through to the upper predators. Under water Komodo is full of variety, almost every dive is drastically different and even the same dive site. Dives can vary from black, white and pink sand-muck dives to blue lake shores with colorful underwater life and schooling of fish.